What does it mean to have sovereignty or to be sovereign?
sovereign, n. 1. A person, body, or state vested with independent and supreme authority; 2. The ruler of an independent state. – Also spelled sovran. See Sovereignty.
sovereignty. 1. Supreme dominion, authority, or rule. 2. The supreme political authority of an independent state. 3. The state itself.
The Tragedy of Tribal Sovereignty by Darrel Smith
Why Indians are Second Class Citizens by Darrel Smith
Starter Kit on Tribal Sovereignty from CERA
How Sovereignty Protects American Freedoms by T. David Price
President Nixon Special Message on Indian Affairs
Concept of Sovereignty Missing in Native Language
Testimony Concerning S. 1691 “The American Indian Equal Justice Act”
Sovereignty Testimony by Scott Kayla Morrison
One People. One Law. by Lana Marcussen
A Legacy from the Thirties by Darrel Smith
Indians Want Democracy on Reservation by Julie Shortridge
Accountability and Its Effect on Indian Law by Lana Marcussen
American Indian, Citizens or Slaves? by Lana Marcussen
Indian Sovereignty – The New Fiction by Dale Menten
Tribal Sovereign Immunity – A Haven for Criminal Behavior by Elaine Willman
A Small Example of Tribal Sovereignty from Stand UP! – Elaine Willman
The Tribal Governance and Economic Enhancement Initiative by CERA
Reply to Wall Street Journal Article by Elaine Willman
Sylvia Cohen, Appellant, v. Little Six, Inc.
Granite Valley Hotel Limited Partnership, v. Jackpot Junction Bingo and Casino
Supreme Court Declines Tribal Challenge
Whose Sovereignty? by Darrel Smith
The Federal Reservation Five Year Sovereignty Plan for Indian Tribes by Eddie Gray Owl (Blackfeet)
Limits to Sovereignty? Courts Tackle a Tough Issue from the Sacramento Bee
Tribes Use Sovereignty to Skirt Legal Judgments from the Detroit Free Press
Sovereign Immunity From Suit
Sovereignty (or Self-Determination)
Individual or Tribal; Cultural and Religious or Political?
Sovereignty itself is, of course, not subject to law, for it is the author and source of law; but in our system, while sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of government, sovereignty itself remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exists and acts.
Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886)
But these Indians are within the geographical limits of the United States. The soil and the people within these limits are under the political control of the government of the United States , or of the states of the Union . There exists within the broad domain of sovereignty but these two. There may be cities, counties, and other organized bodies, with limited legislative functions, but they are all derived from, or exist in, subordination to one or the other of these.
US v. KAGAMA, 118 U.S. 375 (1886)
With the debate centering on which governments are sovereign, almost no attention has been given to the derivation of tribal authority and the basis of its sovereignty vis-à-vis individual tribal members… Nearly all the Plains Indians lived in relatively independent groups (usually families or clans) where individual freedom was paramount… Before Indian tribes, especially those with a tradition of individualism, can establish their sovereignty, they must establish the nature of the relationship between individual Indians and tribal government…To develop collective sovereignty, Indians will have to return to the basics of individual sovereignty and build from the ground up…Self-determination begins with the individual, as it did prior to European contact, and builds to collective action
Anderson, Terry L. Sovereign Nations or Reservations, (San Francisco: Pacific Research Institute, 1995) p. 169-171. Reprinted with permission of the Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.